Home » Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Analysis of Landscape Change and Its Driving Mechanism in Chagan Lake National Nature Reserve

Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Analysis of Landscape Change and Its Driving Mechanism in Chagan Lake National Nature Reserve

by gwcmag


Lake ecosystems play an important role in regional ecological security and the sustainable development of the economy and society. In order to study the evolution of landscape patterns and the main driving forces in the Chagan Lake Nature Reserve in recent years, we used landscape type data from 2005, 2010, 2015, and 2019 to study the characteristics of the regional landscape’s structural changes. At the same time, the spatial heterogeneity of the driving factors of landscape change was analyzed using the spatial analysis method, and the driving mechanism of landscape change was quantitatively analyzed. The results showed that: (1) from 2005 to 2019, the area of cultivated land, marshland, and water bodies increased, while the area of grassland and the area of bare land decreased. (2) The dominant patch types in the study area formed good connectivity, and the degree of landscape fragmentation increased. (3) In the past 15 years, there has been spatial heterogeneity in the regression coefficients of different driving factors of landscape change: the area with a greater influence of the elevation factor was in the south; the regression coefficient of precipitation showed the spatial distribution characteristics of highs in the west and lows in the east; the gross domestic product had a greater impact on the east and the south; the spatial variation of grain yield was mainly reflected in the southeast and northwest regions; the fishery yield gradually changed from high in the southeast and low in the northwest to the distribution characteristic of decreasing from the east to the southwest; the lake fluorine content showed a distribution pattern that gradually changed from high in the southeast and low in the northwest to high in the middle and low in the north and south; the distribution pattern of the distance to oil production changed from north to southeast to south to north; the distance to the road changed from high in the east and low in the west to the opposite spatial distribution pattern. (4) The interaction of precipitation and lake fluoride content with other factors showed a strong driving effect, which had a significant impact on the landscape change of Chagan Lake Nature Reserve. Since the study area is located in a typical fluorine-rich geochemical environment, human activities, such as the expansion of irrigation areas around Chagan Lake and groundwater exploitation, have accelerated the dissolution of fluorine-containing minerals, promoted the enrichment process of fluorine in Chagan Lake, and enhanced the explanatory power of lake fluorine content in terms of landscape changes. At the same time, the increase in precipitation during the study period is beneficial to the growth of vegetation and the storage of water in lakes, which promotes changes in landscape types such as grasslands and areas of water.



Source link

Related Posts

Leave a Comment

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More